History and Other Topics

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History of Ethics
The Ethics Committees of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the American Psychiatric Association: History, Process, Education, and Advocacy

A Short History of Ethics within AACAP

The authors review the history of ethics within the psychiatric organizations of the American Psychiatric Association and the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

A History of Psychiatric Ethics.

  • Psychiatric Clinics of North America (Link coming soon)
    Bloch S & Pargiter R. 2002, 25: 509-524.

Overview of the ethical principles relevant to psychiatric practice and the history underlying current standards of practice.

The Efficacy of Professional Ethics The AMA Code of Ethics in Historical and Current Perspective.

This article reviews the development of the code of ethics of the American Medical Association (AMA) and the impact of the code of ethics on physician behavior.

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Views of Childhood
Imperiled and Perilous: Exploring the History of Childhood Sexuality.

This article presents a historical review of how childhood sexuality has been viewed in the Anglophone West in the 19th and 20th century and possible implications of conflicting views of childhood sexuality.

The "participating victim" in the study of erotic experiences between children and adults: an historical analysis.

The author describes and discusses the changing views and definitions of minors participating in erotic experiences between minors and adults.

The Lengthening of Childhood.

The authors describe and discuss the changing perspectives and trends related to the age at which children start school in the United States and possible economic consequences.

The historical construction of childhood

Edited book on various aspects of children
Gittins D. The historical construction of childhood, chapter 3, 35-49
Hunt P. Children's literature and childhood, chapter 4, 50-69
Kehily MJ & Montgomery H. Innocence and experience, chapter 5, 70-89 A historical approach to childhood and sexuality

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Children's Rights

The Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights-civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights for children.

Children's Rights, Parents' Prerogatives, and Society's Obligations.

The author presents an argument that human rights should begin with the rights of children in our society and in their families.

From Property to Person Status Historical Perspective on Children's Rights.

This article provides a historical perspective on the evolution of children's rights.

20 years on: the clinical importance of children's rights.

This article briefly reviews of some of the history, background and implications of the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC).

Legal rights of children.

  • Child Adolesc Psychiatric Clin N Am (Link coming soon)
    Horowitz R. 2002; 11, 705- 717.

This article reviews the legal rights of children.

A moral imperative for children.

The author reviews some data on the United States' ranking on measures targeting the welfare of children.

Children's Rights: Individual Rights or Public Health?

  • AACAP Annual Meeting Symposium 4, International Symposium: Global Perspectives on Child Protection and Children's Rights (NEED LINK)
    Paul, 2011

Children's health in the United States: assessing the potential impact of the Convention on the Rights of the Child

This article examines the potential implications of U.S. ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on the health and well-being of children in the United States.

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Corporal Punishment
More Harm than Good: A Summary of Scientific Research on the Intended and Unintended Effects of Corporal Punishment on Children.

This article reviews the research on corporal punishment when used to discipline children.

Prevalence, Societal Causes, and Trends in Corporal Punishment by Parents in World Perspective.

This article describes corporal punishment by parents globally and then presents a model of corporal punishment based on a theory that societal factors are an important cause of corporal punishment.

Corporal Punishment in U.S. Public Schools: A Continuing Challenge for School Social Workers.

This article provides an overview of corporal punishment in U.S. public schools, with a discussion of the influence of cultural and religious attitudes on the use of corporal punishment as a means of disciplining students.

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Family pediatrics: report of the Task Force on the Family.

  • Pediatrics
    Schor EL & American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on the Family. 2003 Jun;111(6 Pt 2):1541-71.

This article provides a review of current family constellations in the United States with a discussion of the impact of various family structures on the development and functioning of children and adolescents.

Changing Families, Changing Workplaces.

This article describes the changes in and impacts of the labor force and workplaces between 1975 and 2009 on family structure, stability, household work as well as time and activities with children are described.

Families with school-age children.

  • Future Child
    Christensen K, Schneider B, Butler D. 2011 Fall;21(2):69-90.

This article describes the predictable and unpredictable scheduling demands school-age children place on working couples and single working parents.

Policies to assist parents with young children.

This article describes the struggle to balance work responsibilities with family obligations for working parents of the youngest children, those five and under.

Fragile families and child wellbeing.

  • Future Child
    Waldfogel J, Craigie TA, Brooks-Gunn J. 2010 Fall;20(2):87-112.

The authors review recent studies that use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS) to examine why children who grow up in single-mother and cohabiting families fare worse than children born into married-couple households.

Who Lacks Support and Why? An Examination of Mothers' Personal Safety Nets.

The authors use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to identify characteristics associated with mothers' having or lacking "personal safety net" support from family and friends.

"That was then, but this is now": historical perspectives on intercountry adoption and domestic child adoption in Australian public policy.

Review and discussion of historical perspectives on intercountry and domestic adoption in Australia.

Antecedents of American Adoption.

This article reviews the history of adoption in the US.

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Institutions Involved with Children, Adolescents and Families
Health and Social Services in Public Schools: Historical Perspectives

This article reviews the provision of medical and psychosocial services within the educational system in the US.

Past, Present, and Future Roles of Child Protective Services.

This article reviews the foundation and history of child protective services as well as its current and possible future functioning.

A Brief History of Federal Financing for Child Care in the United States.

This article reviews the history of federal governmental funding for child care and the implications for system structure and functioning.

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Opportunity, Inequality and the Intergenerational Transmission of Child Labour.

  • Economica
    Emerson PM & Knabb SD. 2006; 73, 413-434.

This paper presents a model that proposing that opportunity differences within society result in child labor, where 'opportunity' is broadly defined but can include school quality, access to activities and actual discrimination.

Fiscal Policy, Expectation Traps, and Child Labor.

In this paper, the authors present a dynamic model describing possible societal outcomes with or without child labor.

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